A – Z Glossary


March 25, 2013 Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ A to Z


+P                   High pressure loaded (small caliber)

AMRAAM  Advance Medium Range Air-Air Missile

Angström  10-10 Meter

ACP              Automatic Colt Pistol

Action        Small caliber developed by Dynamit Nobel, a plastic  forms the tip of the bullet, for loading purpose,

it is ejected at firing.

AD               Anti disturbance

AGM         Air Ground Missile

AGS LRLAP Advance Gun System Long Range Land Attack Projectile

AHEAD           35 x 228mm  with 152 heavy metal sub-projectiles

Alphabet     Arabic   

Alphabet     Cyrillic

Amatol        AT , Ammonium nitrate + TNT . Color : brown sugar

Arcane          Pure copper conical metal piercing bullet. High velocity (Small caliber)

ATACMS     Army Tactical Missile System

Atropine     Alkaloide from atropa belladona inhibited the action of nerve agents

Balistite      Grenade Launcher propellant

BB                   Base Bleed (Large Calibers)

BD                  Base Detonating (Fuse)

BD                  Base Detonating Self Destruction (Fuze)

BE                  Base Ejection

BK                  Broneboinyi Kumulyativnyi (Armour piercing cumulative – HEAT)

Black powder   74% potassium nitrate + 15,5 % charcoal + 10,5 % sulfur 72% sodium nitrate

+ 16 % charcoal + 12 % sulfur

Substitute : Benite , Eimite, Boron Potasium Nitrate, Mox 2B, ПОРОХОВОЙ (porojovoi)

BM             Broneboinyi M ? (Moschnvi Increased power)

BMP           Boeveya Mashina Pekhota

BST            Ballistic silver tip (small caliber) Polycarbonate tip (rapid expansion)

Buckshot     Copper plated shot (shotgun)

CBX           German profile ammunition (Small caliber)

CBXX         Swiss profile ammunition (Small caliber)

CCC            Combustible Cartridge Case

Cd               Candelas = 1/60 of the intensity of one square centimeter of a black   corp at  platinum

solidification  temperature

Centerfire  Primer in the center of the case

CEPP               Controlled Effect Police Projectile (small caliber)

Chemical  Click for details

CLP               (weapon) Cleaner, Lubricant and Preservative

CN                 Chloroacetophenone

Comp A     91% RDX + 9% beeswax (comp A2 – CompA3) used as filler

Comp B     60& RDX + 39 % TNT + 1% desensitizer

color : Dirty White or brownish yellow.

Used as filler in Bombs and shells

Conversion table

CS             Chlorobenzylledenmacononitrile

C/S            Cocked spring

DB             Dinitrobenzol

Delay      Chemical used in some fuzes

Det cord  Detonating cord (22000 ft/sec)

DPCIM      Dual Purpose Improved Conventional Munition

DU               Depleted Uranium (U238)

Rounds using DU : L26 & L27 CHARM 3, M774, M803, M829 A1/A2/A3, M900

PGU20 (25mm), PGU14B (30mm), OFL 105 F2, OFL 120 F2, 3UBM13 (115mm),

3BK31M (125mmHEAT), 3BM32 (125mm APFSDS)

Duralumin   Alloy of aluminum and copper, magnesium, manganese and in very small quantities iron and

silicon; corrosion resistant.

EFMJ         Expanded full metal jacket (SAA)

EMR          Electro Magnetic radiation (ex : RF)

ER              Extended Range (Large caliber)

Explosive  Initiating, Booster & Bursting      Initiator & Primer     Russian & CIS

F4              Formex (6800 m/s)  Pentrite 89 % + Gum 11 %

FAB           Fugasnaya (HE) Aerial Bomb

FB              Flat Base (Large caliber)

Flash Reducer  Used with propellant, usually potassium nitrate or potassium sulfate

FMJ           Full Metal Jacket (small caliber)

FMJ BT     Full Metal Jacket Boat Tail (small caliber)

FMJ LD    Full Metal Jacket Lead Free (small caliber)

FS             Fail Safe (small caliber) Lead core protected by steel (deep penetration)

G                  Hexogen

Gases        Click to see panel

Glaser Blue  Plastic tip compressed lead core (small caliber)

GMLRS         Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System

Grain (gr)   100 gr = 6,48 grams

Graze           Type of fuze where the detonator is projected on the striker on impact

H Mantle     Small caliber projectile divided in 2 parts, the first part will form the mushroom

HAP                Homogeneous Armor Plate

Hazard Class   International classification of dangerous goods.

There are 9 classes  and ammunition is in class  1.

Hazard division   Hazard class 1 is divided in 6 divisions.

HB              Hollow base (large caliber)

HE            High Explosive

HEAD       High explosive Air Defence

HEAP        High explosive Anti-Personnel

HE/AP      High explosive Armoured Piercing

HEAT       High explosive Anti Tank

HEDP        High explosive Dual Purpose

HEER       High explosive Extended Range

HEI            High explosive Incendiary

HEI-T       High explosive Incendiary Tracer

HEOM      High explosive OTO munition

HEP           High explosive Plastic

HES           High explosive Spotting

HESD       High explosive Self Destruction

HESH       High explosive Squash Head

HESRTP-T  High explosive Short Range Target Practice tracer

Hexogen   Cyclonite, RDX  (8200 – 8500 m/s)

Hexolite   Hexogene + Tolite (60/40) 7800 m/s

Hc                 Hexachlorethane (Aluminium in grain + zinc oxyde) White / grey smoke

HP                Hollow Point (small caliber) immediate energy release

HSA            High safety ammunition (7 flechettes anti armoured jacket)

HSP             Hollow soft point (small caliber) progressive energy release

Hydra Shok  Hollow point (SAA) expansion , penetration, energy transfer, accuracy

IM               Insensitive Munition (40mm APFSDST-IM Bofors)

IR flares    Flares that emit an Infra Red Light

IRFNA       Inhibited red fuming nitric acid

JHP               Jacket hollow point (small caliber) controlled expansion

JSP               Jacket Soft Point (small caliber) controlled expansion

KDNBF      Barium styphnate and potassium dinitrobenzofuxorane

Kopf            Anti ricochet ring (USSR FAB bombs)

LINK           Connection between cartridge for gun or machine gun

Link M9         12,7 x 99 mm connector for belt for M2 machine gun

Link M13      7,62 x 51 mm connector for belt

Link M15A1 12,7 x 99mm connector for belt for M85 machine gun

Link M27       5,56 x 45 mm connector for belt

LRN                   Lead Round Nose (small caliber)

LSWC              Lead semi-wad cutter (small caliber) accuracy excellent, lubricated, clean target signature

Lucky             See piezoelectric

LUX            Unit of illumination, = one Lumen per square meter or illumination a surface uniformly at one meter

distance from a point source of one candle

LWC           Lead Wad Cutter (small caliber) match grade accuracy

M                  Picric acid (Mustard gas)

M19A1      Small Arm metallic container Size : L – 26,0cm, l – 9,1 cm, H – 17,5 cm

M2A1         Small Arm metallic container Size : L – 28,3cm, l – 14,3 cm, H – 17,5 cm

MAG           Magnetic fuze

Marking   Coding and Marking

MER          Maximum effective range ( greater distance to inflict casualty)

MERHE   Mortar Extended Range High Explosive

Micron     10(-6)  meter

MGU          Mid course Guidance Unit ( missiles )

MOFA        Multi-Option Fuze for Artillery

MP              Metal piercing (for steel but not armoured plate)

MP              Multipurpose ammunition (Explosive + incendiary)

MT              Mechanical time (Fuze)

MTSQ         Mechanical Time & super quick  (Fuze)

MVT           Proximity fuze sensitive to movement

Niclad         SAA lead safe for shooting range

Nitro cellulose   Propellant

Non persistent  War gas normally effective for 10 min maxi

NSB                 Near the Surface Burst (Mortar fuze)

Octogen     HMX   ( DS – 91500 m/s)

Octol           HMX + TNT

Okfol            HMX + wax 5 %

Oxidizer     Liquid mixed with a fuel to create a rocket or missile propellant

Pasivnaya  Passive

PD                    Point detonating (Fuze)

PE4                 Explosive (CYCLOTRIMETHYLENE TRINITRAMINE)

Pentrite       Explosive 5500 to 8300 m/s

PEP                Positive expanding point (small caliber) for 25-06 load only (hollow point)

PETN           Explosive Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate

Plasticized explosive ( 7200 m/s)  Pentrite 87 % + Oil or Gum 13 %

PG               Partition gold (small caliber) 2 cores separated by a thick partition increase velocity,

reduce fragmentation

PiBd            Point initiating, base detonating (Fuze)

Piezo electric Electricity generator produce by pressure on a quartz (Lucky)

PP                Power point (small caliber) normal bullet

PPI               armoured piercing steel body in a not discarding sabot

PRF             Plug Representing Fuze

Propellant   Click for More

Prox             Proximity (Fuze)

PRPA           Projectile raye a propulsion additionnelle (Pre-engraved projectile with additional charges)

PSP             Point soft point, special soft lead point ( rapid expansion after impact)

PTTF           Powder Train Time (Fuze)

PWP            Plasticized White Phosphorus

RA               Rocket Assist (Large caliber)

Raketa vozdukh-vozdukh . vokoukh – activnaya export air to air missile active  for export

Radiation      Energy emitted by radioactive substance

RDX            Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine. Color : White

Other names : cyclonite, hexogen, T4.

Used as booster or bursting charge.

RE               Radar Echo used for wind finding & jamming

RHA            Rolled Homogeneous Armor

Rimfire    .22 caliber, the priming powder is located in the rim

RP               Red Phosphorus smoke  & incendiary side effect, must be initiated by

a  burning source

RP               Ruchnoi Pulemyot   (Machine gun)

RPG           Ruchnaya Protivotankovaya Granata      Hand Grenade antitank

RPK          Ruchnoi Pulemyot  Kalashnikov SACLOS     Semi Automatic Command to Line of Sight (A/T missile

guidance system   in which the firer keep his sight on the point of aim & the missile is automatically guided into

the sight line by sensor & electric circuit in the firing post (2nd generation system).

Safety fuze   Textile tube filled with Black powder,

burning speed for 1 m –  90 to 130 sec

Sh               Shneiderite (Ammonium nitrate  88 % + Dinitronaphtalene 22 %)

Seismic       Wave produced by ground vibrations

Sh               Parachute retarded (USSR Bomb -after bomb weight)

SJFN          Semi Jacketed Flat Nose (small caliber)

SJHP         Semi Jacketed Hollow Point (small caliber)

SL              Stream line synonym of Boat tail

SLAM        Standoff Land Attack Missile

SLAP         Sabot Light Armor Piercing (small caliber)

Selectable lightweight attack ammunition (Mines)

SP              Soft point (small caliber)

SPORTS      (Weapon M16 immediate action when weapon stop, applied once) Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap

and Shoot

ST               Silver tip (small caliber) aluminum tip (deep penetration)

ST HP        Silver tip hollow point (small caliber)

Storage compatibility group – 13 groups defined to store ammunitions together. From letter A to H, J, K, L, N and S.

SWC          Semi wad cutter (small caliber) conical front, cylindrical base

SXT           Supreme expansion technology (accuracy + uniform expansion)

Tetryl     Trinitrophenylmethylnitramine. Color : yellow crystalline material (6050 to 7850 m/s)

TD              TNT + dinitronaphtalene

TDU           TNT + spotting charge

TIN             Super clean NT (small caliber)  no lead Non Toxic (training)

TH              Thermite, incendiary chemical agent ( 73% oxyde ferric + 27 % granulor Aluminium )

reach 2500 degrees

THV            Tres Haute Vitesse (very high velocity)

TNT          Trinitrotoluene (6800 m/s)

Tolite         TNT . Color : light brown.

TOW          (missiles) Tube launched, Optical tracked, Wire guided

TRACER   Chemical composition used to mark the trajectory of a projectile

TS               TNT sulfite

TSQ            Time and Super Quick ( Fuse )

U                 Uranium

In USSR designation Upravlyaemyi (Guided)

Unitaryi (Unitary)

Usovershenstvovannyi (Improved)

                 In USSR designation  Vystrel (Round)

VT               Proximity fuze

WC           Wad cutter (small caliber) cylindrical bullet

WP             White phosphorus

WT              Wait time